EMOTIONAL EDUCATION IN 20th CENTURY SERBIAN PEDAGOGY

Jelena S. Petrović

Dragana V. Dimitrijević

DOI: 10.46793/STEC20.111P

UDK: 37.017:159.942(497.11)“19″

Abstract: Emotional education, although recognized in pedagogical science as a relatively young scientific concept, has always been a significant aspect of educational activity. The development of this aspect of educational activity was especially intense at the beginning of the 20th century, only to become a subject of scientific research in the 1980s. The aim of this paper is to investigate the development of the concept of emotio­nal education in Serbian pedagogy, and the relation of Serbian educators to this educati­onal concept. The method of theoretical analysis with content analysis technique was used in the paper. The main works of the most influential Serbian educators of the 20th century and the most important textbooks used in the education of pedagogues and teachers throughout the 20th century were analyzed. The point of analysis was emotional education viewed from the perspective of contemporary definitions of emotional education: as a pedagogical action that involves understanding and appreciating emotions in the process of education, developing self-awareness, self-discipline and independence, and helps children achieve positive interpersonal relationships. Despite the opinion that emotional education was under-represented during the 20th century, we found out that Serbian educators did pay attention to this aspect of education, but they didn’t consider it as a special phenomenon, but within the already defined scientific concepts of moral education and family pedagogy. Finally, we found that they understood it in accordance with their pedagogical orientations and social needs.

Keywords: Emotional education, pedagogy reform, pedagogy in 20th century Serbia.

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