REGGIO EMILIA APPROACH – THE POSSIBILITY OF INTEGRATION IN PRESCHOOL MUSIC EDUCATION

Marija K. Tanasković

DOI: 10.46793/STEC20.407T

UDK: 371.016::78(450)

Abstract: The essence of the educational process is precisely in providing favorable conditions, as well as encouraging and supporting the optimal development of children. It should contain a certain sequence of operations and contents to accelerate and enhance development, but at the same time to be flexible, adaptable and open to children’s needs, interests and opportunities. Preschool education is the first, the most important step in forming a relationship to the general culture of an environment, to music and art in general. Accordingly, an important goal in planning any music program for children is to recognize their interests and attitudes toward different musical activities.

One of the goals of Basis of the Program – Years of Ascent, for children to develop dispositions for lifelong learning such as openness, curiosity, resilience, reflexivity, perseverance, self-confidence and a positive personal and social identity, is similar to the goal of Reggio Emilia’s approach in which children are viewed as active authors of their own development, i.e. that they will learn everything they need to learn, at the moment they are ready for it. Learning is focused on children – on their competencies, not on their shortcomings. The approach is based on the idea that each child has “a hundred languages” to express the characteristics of the world around him/her. Children are developing and are encouraged to symbolically represent ideas and feelings through any of their hundred languages (expressive, communicative and cognitive), words, movements, drawings, painting, creativity, sculpture, play, collage, drama, music, etc. Approach Reggio Emilia emphasizes the importance of the process of researching and using art in the social environment. Children acquire knowledge and abilities to express their thoughts and ideas through creation. Therefore, the paper discusses the possibility of integration of contents and activities from the Reggio Emilia approach in preschool music education, with aim to improve it.

Keywords: Reggio Emilia approach, music education, preschool age, Basics of the program Years of Ascent.

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