Aleksandra D. Vuksanović Božarić
Aleksandar M. Ignjatović
Abstract: A comprehensive understanding of the secular trends in physical activity of children and adolescents is necessary for public health, due to the significant impact of this factor on health. Regardless of body weight, cardiorespiratory endurance in children is associated with multiple metabolic risk factors, and adolescents with low values of cardiorespiratory endurance are more likely to develop hypertension in adulthood, even with a normal body mass index. The level of motor abilities during childhood and adolescence has been identified as a significant factor influencing the overall daily level of physical activity and maintaining normal body weight values in adulthood. Physical education classes should play a key role in improving the physical activity of children and adolescents because they represent a social impact that encompasses the widest part of the population of the appropriate chronological age. Promoting a healthy lifestyle through finding effective ways to maintain physical activity, within the recommended limits for children and adolescents, is essential for the future of the population and has a tremendous economic, social and demographic impact on the future of each country.
Keywords: secular trend, physical activity, children, adolescents.
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